The vast coastline of Indonesia archipelago with a various characteristic of Indonesian seawaters provides a huge resource base of biodiversity. The Indonesian Trough Flow (ITF), from the physical oceanography point of view, is one of the significant oceanic processes which exert control on the global climate in general and the tropical climate in particular. Another important oceanographic process in Indonesia Seas is known as upwelling. This phenomenon mainly occurs in the Western seawater area of Sumatra Island and Southern area of Java that promotes the productivity of the waters in that region and adds to the abundance of fishing stock. The other seawaters area of Indonesia also have a unique and abundant enough phenomena.
Ocean remote sensing is an efficient tool for the exploration of marine resources and monitoring the marine environment. The application of satellite remote sensing data can cover vast area of the ocean, for example southeast Asian seawaters and its surrounding, for various topics of information such as weather condition, ocean circulation, potential fishing zone, coastal environment monitoring, etc.
CReSOS establishment at the University of Udayana can provide and deliver the above important information. CReSOS has been established in November 1st, 2006 in the University of Udayana, supported mainly by Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) of Japan, and also by Pan Ocean Remote Sensing Conference (PORSEC). Japan Fisheries Information Center (JAFIC), National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN), and Bogor Agricultural University (IPB). The formal inauguration of CReSOS is on September 1st, 2003.